UPSC Prelims 2023: List of Important Articles of Indian Constitution

UPSC Prelims 2023: The Constitution of India, adopted on 26 January 1950, stands as a remarkable and forward-thinking manuscript, laying the foundation of India’s democratic set-up and governance. It includes a wide range of fundamental rights, duties and principles that encapsulate the essence of the nation.

UPSC Civil Services Preliminary Exam 2023 is round the corner.  (HT Photo)
UPSC Civil Services Preliminary Exam 2023 is round the corner. (HT Photo)

The Constitution plays an invaluable role in empowering its citizens and promoting a fair and inclusive society.

The profound importance of the Indian Constitution cannot be underestimated, especially when considering Civil Services Examinations.

As the 2023 UPSC Prelims draws closer, it has become imperative for the aspirants to thoroughly understand this important document.

Such comprehensive knowledge empowers them to confidently tackle questions related to the Indian Constitution, paving the way for success in their endeavours.

List of Important Articles in the Indian Constitution

The Constitution of India is famous worldwide for being the longest written constitution, consisting of 448 articles classified into 24 parts and 12 schedules (there were 25 parts till last year when the Supreme Court in the Rajesh Shah judgment co-opted The relevant section 9B was declared illegal. Hence, today there are 24 sections). This comprehensive document contains important provisions like Fundamental Rights, Directive Principles of State Policy, Emergency Provisions, Parliamentary Powers and Allocation of Powers between the Union and the States.

Given the importance of the Constitution, its contents are bound to be questioned. However, some articles have been asked frequently over the years. Therefore, it is worth reviewing the list below, which outlines some of the most notable articles of the Indian Constitution, along with brief descriptions of each who contributed to its formation:

1. Article No. 1: Name and Area of ​​the Union

2. Article No. 3: Formation of new states and alteration of areas, boundaries or names

of existing states

3. Article No. 4: Amendments not accepted

4. Article No. 16: Equality of opportunity in matters of public employment

5. Article No. 19: Protection of certain rights regarding freedom of speech etc.

6. Article No. 21: Protection of life and personal liberty

7. Article No. 32: Measures for enforcement of fundamental rights

8. Article No. 43: Living wages. read full article

9. Article No. 48: Protection and Improvement of Breeds

10. Article No. 50: Separation of Judiciary from Executive

11. Article No. 51A: Fundamental Duties

12. Article No. 72: President’s powers of pardon, suspension, remission or commutation

sentence in some cases

13. Article No. 78: Prime Minister and President

14. Article No. 82: Limitation

15. Article No. 94: Vacancy in the office of Speaker and effect of Speaker Pro Tem

16. Article No. 101: Vacancies of seats

17. Articles. No.112.:Annual Financial Statement

18. Article No. 123: Power of the President to issue ordinances during recess of Parliament

19. Article 127: Ad-hoc Judges of the Supreme Court

20. Article 130: Seat of the Supreme Court

21. Article No. 143: Power of the President to consult the Supreme Court

22. Article No. 148: Comptroller and Auditor General of India

23. Article No. 149: Duties and powers of the Comptroller and Auditor General of India

24. Article No. 155: Appointment of the Governor

25. Article No. 163: Council of Ministers to aid and advise the Governor

26. Article No. 165: Advocate General of the State

27. Article No. 167: Duties of the Chief Minister in respect of giving information to the Governor, etc.

28. Article No. 169: Abolition or creation of Legislative Councils in the States

29. Article No. 243(I) and 243(Y): State Finance Commission

30. Article No. 243K: Elections to Panchayats

31. Article No. 244 Administration of Scheduled Areas and Tribal Areas

32. Article No. 246A: GST

33. Article No. 261. full faith and credit

34. Article no. 280 : Finance Commission

35. Article No. 282: Grants


As UPSC aspirants prepare for the preliminary exam in 2023, it is important to have a firm grip on the essential articles of the Indian Constitution. Read and re-read the complete article and understand the nuances.

Understanding the Indian Constitution is important for success in exams and a successful career in public service. By understanding the importance of each article, analyzing its implications, and applying the concepts effectively, candidates can enhance their chances of excelling in the UPSC Prelims exam and set themselves up for success in pursuing a career in public service. can do.

(The author Sriram Srirangam is Founder and Director, Sriram IAS. Views expressed are personal.)

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