According to the QS World University Rankings by Subject 2023 released on Wednesday, 44 programs offered by Indian higher education institutions in various disciplines figure among the top 100 globally. Last year, 35 Indian programs made it to the top-100.
For ‘subject ranking’, Quacquarelli Symonds (QS) ranks institutions on the basis of individual programs and compares them with other programs in the world. For the 13th edition of the QS Subject Rankings, universities were ranked in five broad areas – Engineering and Technology, Arts and Humanities, Life Sciences and Medicine, Natural Sciences and Social Sciences and Management.
While the ranking covers 54 academic subjects, Indian higher education institutions have performed well in the fields of computer science, chemistry, biological science, business studies and physics, said a statement issued by QS Quacquarelli Symonds.
The mathematics program offered by the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Bombay made it to the global top 100 categories, ranking 92nd. IIT Delhi’s electrical engineering program broke into the top 50 categories globally, ranking 49th, while the same program offered by IIT Kanpur was ranked 87th, breaking into the top 100 categories for the first time.
“Jawaharlal Nehru University has joined the world’s top 100 in sociology, at 68th position, showing an increase of 33 places. Delhi University has also joined the world’s top echelon in sociology, at rank 91, QS said.
According to the statement, the 11 Institutes of Eminence (IoE), including both IIT-Delhi and IIT-Bombay, which were announced by the government in 2018 to be upgraded to world-class status, accounted for 44% of the total Indian entries (158) . Year. “Five and a half years after the launch of India’s prestigious institute scheme, its diversity ranking is showing steady improvement, with 70% entries increasing or remaining stable,” the statement said.
Among the IoEs, most of the institutes saw that the courses offered by them were ranked higher than the courses lagging behind. However, in the case of Delhi University (DU), which was the most represented university from the county, seven of the 27 programs featured in the QS list improved in rank, while 12 declined.
For the second year in a row, the dental program offered by Savitha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences in Chennai has been the best performing among Indian institutes and secured the 13th rank globally. Last year it was ranked 18th.
“It is the only Indian university to achieve a perfect score (100/100) in both citations per paper and H index. The next two highest ranked universities in these tables are the Indian Institute of Technology Madras (IITM) at 21st in petroleum engineering (up 9 places) and the Indian School of Mines (ISM) at the University of Dhanbad at 25th (up one place). Engineering – Minerals and Mining,” QS said in a statement.
India is the second most represented country in Asia in terms of the number of ranked universities (66) after China (Mainland) (99), and the fourth most represented after China for the total number of entries in the 54 narrow disciplines (314). is the most representative country. (Mainland), South Korea and Japan.
Ben Souter, Director of Research at QS, said a number of programs from India’s prestigious privately run institutions have made progress this year, demonstrating the positive role of well-regulated private provision in growing India’s higher education sector . “20 private institutions were featured in this edition, a total of 66 entries, of which 21 have been ranked for the first time, and all four have either risen or remained stable compared to last year’s edition. Our rankings only Considering countries with more than ten universities, India ranks second best in Asia. Its overall performance in these tables improved by 17.2% year-on-year, following mainland China’s improvement of 21.9%.
QS highlighted that, globally, India, which saw its research output increase by 54% between 2017 and 2022, has the world’s fourth-highest research output (2017 and 2020) behind world leader China (4.5 million). produces 1.3 million academic papers) between 2022. the United States (4.4 million) and the United Kingdom (1.4 million).
However, India is far behind in the number of citations. “From 2017 to 2021, India has 15% of its publications cited in top journals. Meanwhile, its closest competitors in terms of research output volume, the United Kingdom and Germany, claim more than double the top journal citation percentages at 38% and 33%, respectively,” QS said.
PV Rao, Head of Ranking Cell, IIT Delhi, said, “IIT Delhi is among the top fifty institutions globally in the field of engineering and technology and five programs offered by the institute have made it to the top hundred globally in the QS World University Rankings. rank in the subject, which is a phenomenal achievement”.
According to the ranking methodology shared by QS, five components are used to rank universities, including academic reputation, employer reputation research citations per paper, h-index and international research network. The h-index is a way of measuring both the productivity and impact of a scientist’s or scholar’s published work. QS said that responses were taken from over 1,30,000 academics across the globe.